Parma, Italy: a cultural city guide

Parma, Italy: a cultural city guide

Sara Evans offers a cultural guide to travel in Italy – here she talks about Parma, a city of Renaissance splendours where even the ham is presented as a work of art.

Parma, Italy: a cultural city guide

Image 1 of 3
The Duomo is part of Parma’s vast artistic and architectural heritage

By Sara Evans

1:41PM GMT 19 Dec 2011

Comments1 Comment

As the afternoon sun fades in Parma, a genteel northern Italian city known for its art, music and gastronomy, the streets look as if they’ve been dipped in honey. Everything I pass appears mellow and muted. Sepia-coloured stucco houses on elegant cobblestoned streets take on a vintage, old-gold feel. In the piazzas, the sun-kissed water in the fountains shimmers softly and feels warm to the touch.

In Piazza Duomo, the city’s 12th-century Romanesque cathedral casts hazy shadows over the square. Inside, I’m drawn to the golden fresco that covers the cupola. Like an open window into heaven, it depicts the assumption of Mary. As she ascends, saints and angels, buffeted by fluffy clouds, swirl around her in a fantastical celestial circus. This is The Assumption of the Virgin, a 1520s masterpiece created by Correggio, one of the greatest painters of the High Renaissance.

Correggio was born in Parma. I come across examples of his work all over town. In the nearby National Gallery, housed within the refined 16th-century Pilotta Palace, I find my favourite piece, the wonderfully delicate and tender Saint Jerome with the Madonna and Child. Correggio is in good company – paintings by Parmigianino (also from Parma), Leonardo da Vinci, Holbein, Brueghel and El Greco all hang here too.

Leaving behind the hush of the gallery, I head somewhere livelier – to the Teatro Regio, one of Italy’s major opera houses. The auditorium, with its wonderfully frescoed ceiling, sumptuous red seating, shining white and gilt balconies and one of the largest chandeliers I’ve ever seen, is as well dressed as the most glamorous of theatregoers. Operas by Verdi, who was born nearby, are performed regularly at the Teatro as part of a popular annual festival. And Paganini and Toscanini, other musical sons, are cherished here too.

In the past, audiences showed their displeasure at divas singing off-key by throwing ham bones at them. This being Parma, one of Italy’s top gastronomic cities, famous for its mouthwatering ham (prosciutto di Parma), its delicious cheese (Parmigiano Reggiano) and handmade pastas (tortellini, cappelletti and anolini), I imagine the food throwing must have been a tasteful affair.

As are Parma’s numerous delicatessens. On Via Garibaldi, I pop into Salumeria Verdi. Here, the finest local produce is presented as carefully as a work of art. Spicy sausages dangle decoratively, cured hams hang high and shelves are stocked with yellow wheels of salty Parmesan and rows of sparkling Lambrusco. The colours and textures are as seductive as the aroma. I struggle to decide which of these delicacies to buy, but know that whatever I do choose, I have no intention of throwing it around.

Did you know?
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma and Napoleon’s second wife, had local monks distil violets, producing the first Violette di Parma perfume

Getting there

Ryanair (0871 246 0000; flies to Parma from Stansted from £39.98 return. A shuttle bus to Parma’s train station costs €2 (£1.75); taxis cost around €15 (£13). For further information


City-break specialist Kirker Holidays (020 7593 2283; offers three nights for the price of two at the Palace Maria Luigia from £637 per person, including breakfast, BA return flight to Bologna from London, private car transfers and concierge services. The price is valid until March 31, 2012.

The inside track

Entry to the cathedral is free (9am-12.30pm and 3-7pm). Also visit the adjacent pink-marble baptistery (€5; £4.30; daily 9am-12.30pm and 3-6.45pm), four storeys of marble with fine carved portals and friezes.

Entry to the National Gallery (Piazza della Place) costs €6/£5.15 (Tuesday-Sunday, 8.30am-1.30pm). Entry includes the Teatro Farnese.

More frescoes by Correggio can be found at Camera di San Paolo (Via Melloni 3) and San Giovanni Evangelista (Piazza San Giovanni 1).

Operas generally run December-April and the annual Verdi festival is in October. Check details and book online at (Via Garibaldi 16a; from €23/£19.78).

The best delicatessens are Salumeria Garibaldi (Via Garibaldi 42) and Salumeria Verdi (Via Garibaldi 69a).

Food tours abound in and around the city; try for ideas. Check for details of 2012’s Parma Ham Festival.

The best hotels

Hotel Stendhal ££
Tranquil and tasteful four-star, situated close to the cathedral and the National Gallery (0039 0521 208057;; doubles from €105/£90).

Palace Maria Luigia ££
Comfortable hotel, centrally located, with genteel décor and friendly staff. The restaurant offers regional cuisine (0521 281032;; doubles from €107/£92).

Hotel Toscanini ££
Modern hotel by the river, close to public gardens and city centre. Marble bathrooms in all rooms, plus free bicycle hire (0521 289141;; doubles from €121/£104).

The best restaurants

Gallo D’Oro £-££
Well-regarded trattoria with relaxed bistro feel serving delicious tortellini – try the pumpkin filling. Very popular, so booking is essential (Borgo della Salina 3; 0521 208846; closed Sunday).

Parma Trattoria Ai Due Platani ££
Just outside of the city, but worth the trip for its traditional Emilian food with a contemporary twist – think gnocchi with nettle pesto (Via Budellungo 104a, Coloreto; 0521 645626; closed Mon at dinner, Tuesday).

La Greppia ££
Beautifully presented dishes made with local ingredients to authentic and unusual regional recipes. Booking recommended (Via Garibaldi 39; 0521 233686; closed Monday and Tuesday).


Food n Walk tours of course! Absolutely the best quality and value

What to avoid

Some museums close during lunchtimes and on Mondays; check opening details before visiting.

Many shops and cafés close on Sundays. Plan shopping for another day.

Parma’s historic centre is mostly pedestrianised, but cycling is popular. Look for cyclists before crossing roads.

Most restaurants in Parma are busy, so book.

Villino di Porporano – the affordable Luxury Cool B&B country house, Parma


Villino di Porporano – the affordable Luxury B&B country house, Parma

When I first arrived at Villino to collect my clients for our Parma food tour, I was amazed how near it was to town … 8 minutes by car and here I was surrounded by countryside and the aroma of fresh coffee.

Elena arrived at the elegant gates of this wonderful country home.. greeted not only by her immediacy but by two pooches who immediately gave my shins a delightful massage!

”Come in Nick … want a coffee?”

Truth be known I’d just grabbed one but seeing the beautifully poured cappuccini on the cotton clad 17th century walnut table in the dining room I opted for another without a moment’s hesitation… that’s two in the space of half an hour!  God help my tourists!

Then followed the most delicious home baked brioche I had ever tasted and I felt completely at home…

”Where are you from Elena?”

”Near Abbruzzo in the centre but my husband is from Parma… I have just finished renovations here…”

”It looks fantastic… I love the style mix…”

Elena responded with a modesty so typical of Italians who really have a wealth of talent… yet decline such flattery.

The place is gorgeous and opens out in many directions into the garden, patios and into the beautiful dining area with rooms a generous extension of this masterclass of comfort casa interior design.

Coming from an interiors background I was and still am impressed.


flowers of the fwt tours Parma food
Villino is the perfect retreat from the charming but zestful Parma whirl and makes a perfect romance or relaxation location with now a new pool – a big tick now for all the boxes.

But what really makes this place special is Elena and her family and in a city where to be honest genuine accommodation is not surprisingly a plenty the Villino is one of a hand full of places we regularly recommend to our clients.


That aside the food and trimmings are a dream – just look at their Tripadviosr reviews!

Welcome to Parma… it’s a given.

Tortellini pasta FWT food n cook day tours Parma1


91 reviews

Sterling, Virginia

4 reviews 4 reviews

Reviews in 4 cities Reviews in 4 cities
5 of 5 starsReviewed 26 August 2012 NEW

My husband and I had a wonderful experience staying at this B&B. I think what I liked best was the beautiful grounds, Elena and her family, Paula, her assistant, the pool and the fantastic breakfast. Elena makes you feel like family. I was very sad to leave because she made our stay so nice. I loved the location, just outside…More 

Was this review helpful?Yes
Problem with this review?
darkest somerset

17 reviews 17 reviews

Reviews in 9 cities Reviews in 9 cities
9 helpful votes 9 helpful votes
4 of 5 starsReviewed 17 August 2012

This B&B exudes sophistication and effortless charm. The fabric of the building and the rooms is very good, soft brick and linen. Airy public spaces comprise the large salon and loggia for breakfast. This meal was beautiful – with Parma ham (!) and feather light home made cakes, copious fresh orange juice, etc. Also, enjoy the fresh pool! The town…More 

Was this review helpful?Yes
Problem with this review?
West Chester, Pennsylvania

11 reviews 11 reviews

Reviews in 7 cities Reviews in 7 cities
4 helpful votes 4 helpful votes
5 of 5 starsReviewed 29 July 2012

This B&B is in a separate villa building next to the owner’s home. The inside of the building has been completely renovated and the rooms fully decorated. The bathroom is modern and fully equipped. It is all beautiful. Elena the owner is a gracious hostess and a wonderful baker. Her homemade pastry for the breakfast is excellent. Sitting on the…More 

Was this review helpful?Yes
Problem with this review?
Margaret T
Sydney, Australia
1 review
5 of 5 starsReviewed 26 July 2012

I cannot talk highly enough about our stay. My family stayed for 6 magical nights during our recent trip to Europe and I am so glad we decided to stop in Parma and in particular with Elena and Guiseppe at Villino di Porporana. The rooms were of outstanding quality and we loved the way the beautifual building was restored. Paula…

Article Nick Garrett, FWT host and director of tours

Tel. +39 0521 64 22 68
Fax. +39 0521 641083
Mobile. +39 349 41 26 037
E-mail: Photos by Davide Gallico, Paolo Pasini and Jacopo Niccoli